**REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS**

**2018 (7)**

C. Yu, M. Song, and C.-I. Chang, “Band Subset Selection for Hyperspectral Image Classification,”

*Remote Sensing*, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 113, Jan. 2018.- C.-I Chang, "Spectral Inter-Band Discrimination Capacity of Hyperspectral Imagery," in
*IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 1749-1766, March 2018. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2767903 - J. Lei, Y. Li, D. Zhao, J. Xie, C.-I. Chang, L. Wu, X. Li, J. Zhang, and W. Li, “A Deep Pipelined Implementation of Hyperspectral Target Detection Algorithm on FPGA Using HLS,”
*Remote Sensing*, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 516, Mar. 2018. - C.-I Chang, "A Review of Virtual Dimensionality for Hyperspectral Imagery," in
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing*, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1285-1305, April 2018. doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2782706 - C. Yu, B. Xue, M. Song, Y. Wang, S. Li and C.-I Chang, "Iterative Target-Constrained Interference-Minimized Classifier for Hyperspectral Classification," in
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing*, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1095-1117, April 2018. doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2018.2802041 - C. Yu, L.-C. Lee, C.-I Chang, B. Xue, M. Song and J. Chen, "Band-Specified Virtual Dimensionality for Band Selection: An Orthogonal Subspace Projection Approach," in
*IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 2822-2832, May 2018. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2784372 - Y. Wang, L.-C. Lee, B. Xue, L. Wang, M. Song, C. Yu, S. Li and C.-I Chang, "
*A Posteriori*Hyperspectral Anomaly Detection for Unlabeled Classification," in*IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 3091-3106, June 2018. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2018.2790583

**2017 (9)**

C.-I Chang, H.C. Li , C.C. Wu and M. Song, “Recursive geometric simplex growing analysis for finding endmembers in hyperspectral imagery,”

*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 296-308, January 2017.- Z. Dezman, C. Gao, S. Yang, P. Hu, Y. Li, H.-C. Li, C.-I Chang and C. Mackenzie, “Anomaly detection outperforms logistic regression in predicting outcomes in trauma patients,”
*Prehospital Emergency Care*, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 174-179, 2017. C. I. Chang, "Adaptive Linear Spectral Mixture Analysis," in

*IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 1240-1253, March 2017. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2620494L. Wang, C. I Chang, L.C. Lee, Y. Wang, B. Xue, M. Song, C. Yu and S. Li, "Band Subset Selection for Anomaly Detection in Hyperspectral Imagery," in

*IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 4887-4898, Sept. 2017. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2681278- B. Xue, C. Yu, Y. Wang, M. Song, S. Li, L. Wang, H.-M. Cheng and C. -I Chang, "A Subpixel Target Detection Approach to Hyperspectral Image Classification," in
*IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 5093-5114, Sept. 2017. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2702197 - C.-I Chang, Y. Li and Y. Wang, "Progressive Band Processing of Fast Iterative Pixel Purity Index for Finding Endmembers," in
*IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1464-1468, Sept. 2017. doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2017.2710219 - C. I Chang, L. -C. Li, B. Xue, M. Song and J. Chen, "Channel Capacity Approach to Hyperspectral Band Subset Selection," in
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 4630-4644, October, 2017. - L. Wang, H. Li, B. Xue and C. Chang, "Constrained Band Subset Selection for Hyperspectral Imagery," in
*IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 2032-2036, Nov. 2017. doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2017.2749209 - H.-M. Chen, H. Wang, J.-W. Chai, C.-C. Chen, B. Xue, L. Wang, C. Yu, Y. Wang, M. Song, and C.-I. Chang, “A Hyperspectral Imaging Approach to White Matter Hyperintensities Detection in Brain Magnetic Resonance Images,”
*Remote Sensing*, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 1174, 2017.

**2016 (6)**

- H.C. Li, C.-I Chang and M. Song, “Progressive band processing of orthogonal subspace projection,”
*IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 3-7, January 2016. - C.-I Chang, W. Xiongand S.Y. Chen, “Convex cone volume analysis for finding endmembers in hyperspectral imagery,”
*Int. J. of Computational Science and Engineering*, vol. 12, nos. 2/3, pp. 209-236, 2016. - A. H. Kashani, M. Wong, N. Koulisis, C.-I Chang, G.l. Martin, M.S. Humayun, “Hyperspectral imaging of retinal microvascular anatomy,”
*Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics*, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 139-150, 2016. - H.-C. Li and C.-I Chang, “Recursive orthogonal projection-based simplex growing algorithm,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 3780-3793, July 2016. DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2527737. - C.-I Chang and Y. Li, “Recursive band processing of automatic target generation process for subpixel detection in hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 5081-5094, September, 2016. - C.-I Chang, S.Y. Chen, H.C. Li and C.-H. Wen, “A comparative analysis among ATGP, VCA and SGA for finding endmembers in hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 4280-4306, September, 2016.

**2015 (12)**

- C.-I Chang, R. Schultz, M. Hobbs, S.-Y. Chen, Y. Wang and C. Liu, “Progressive band processing of constrained energy minimization,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 1626-1637, March, 2015. - M.-P. Song and C.-I Chang, “A theory of recuresive orthogonal subspace projection for hyperspectral imaging,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 3055-3072, 2015. - C.-I Chang, C.C. Wu, K.H. Liu, H.M. Chen, C.C.C. Chen and C.H. Wen, “Progressive band processing of linear spectral unmiixng for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 2583-2597, 2015. - C.-I Chang and C.C. Wu, “Design and development of iterative pixel purity index,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 2676-2695, June, 2015. - C.-I Chang, Y. Li, M. Hobbs, R. Schultz and W.M. Liu, “Progressive band processing of anomaly detection,“
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing*, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 3558-3571, 2015. - C.-I Chang, Y. Wang and S.Y. Chen, “Anomaly detection using causal sliding windows,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 3260-3270, 2015. - C. Lin, S. Popescu; G. Thomson; K. Tsogt, C.-I Chang. "Classification of tree species in overstorey canopy of subtropical forest using QuickBird images,"
*PLoS ONE*10(5): e0125554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125554, 2015. - C.-I Chang, H.C. Li, M. Song, C. Liu and L.F. Zhang, “Real-time constrained energy minimization for subpixel detection,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 2545-2559, 2015. - M.P. Song, S.-Y. Chen, H.C. Li, H.M. Chen, C.C.C. Chen and C.-I Chang, “Finding virtual signatures for linear spectral unmixing,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 2704-2719, 2015. - C.-I Chang, C. Gao and S.Y. Chen, “Recursive automatic target generation process,”
*IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing**Letters*, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1848-1852, Sep. 2015. - Y.C. Chiou, C.C.C. Chen, S.Y. Chen, H.M. Chen, J.W. Chai, Y.C. Ouyang, O-C. Su, C.W. Yang, S.K. Lee and C.-I Chang, “Magnetic resonance brain tissue classification and volume calculation,”
*J. Chinese Institute of Engineers*, vol. 38, no. 8, 2015. DOI:10.1080/02533839.2015.1056552. - C. Lin, C.C. Wu, K. Tsogt, Y.C. Ouyang and C.-I Chang, “Effects of atmospheric correction and pansharpening on LULC classification accuracy using WorldView-6 imagery,”
*Information Processing in Agriculture*, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 25-36, May 2015.

**2014 (3)**

- S.Y. Chen, Y. Wang, C.C. Wu, C. Liu and C.-I Chang, “Real time causal processing of anomaly detection in hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronics Systems*, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 1511-1534, April 2014. - C.-I Chang and K.-H. Liu, “Progressive Band Selection of Spectral Unmixing for Hyperspectral Imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 2002-2017, April 2014. - C.-I Chang, W. Xiong and C.H. Wen, “A theory of high order statistics-based virtual dimensionality for hyperspectrak imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 188-208, January, 2014. 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2237554.

**2013 (8)**

- C.-I Chang, W. Xiong and C.C. Wu, “ Field-Programmable Gate Array Design of Implementing Simplex Growing Algorithm for Hyperspectral Endmember Extraction,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 1693-1700, March 2013. - W. Liu and C.-I Chang, “Multiple-Window Anomaly Detection for Hyperspectral Imagery,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 664-658, April 2013. - K.H. Liu, E. Wong, C.H. Wen and C.-I Chang, “Kernel-Based Weighted Abundance Constrained Linear Spectral Mixture Analysis for Remotely Sensed Images,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 531-553, April 2013. DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2012.2234441. - H.M. Chen, C. Lin, S.Y. Chen, C.H. Wen, C.C.C. Chen, Y.C. Ouyang and C.-I Chang, “PPI-SVM-Iterative FLDA Approach to Unsupervised Multispectral Image Classification,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1834-1842, August 2013. DOI:0.1109/JSTARS.2012.2225097. - C.-I Chang, C.H. Wen and C.C. Wu, “Relationship exploration among PPI, ATGP and VCA via theoretical analysis,”
*Int. J. of Computational Science and Engineering*, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 361-367, 2013. - C.C. Wu and C.-I Chang, “Does A Simplex Formed by Endmembers Really Yield Maximal Volume?,”
*Int. J. of Computational Science and Engineering*, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 274-280, 2013. - C.-C.C. Chen, E. Wong, H.-M. Chen, S.-Y. Chen, J.-W. Chai, C. W. Yang, S. K. Lee, Y. K. Wong and C.-I Chang
^{.}, “Intra-pixel multispectral processing of magnetic resonance brain images for tissue characterization,”*Int. J. of Computational Science and Engineering*, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 87-110, 2013. DOI: 10.1504/IJCSE.2013.053090 - G. Saiprasad, C.-I Chang, N. Safdar, N. Saenz and E. Siegel, “Adrenal gland abnormality detection using random forest classification,”
*J. Digital Imaging*, January, 2013. DOI 10.1007/s10278-012-9554-7.

**2012 (3)**

- C. Lin, K. Tsogt and C.-I Chang, “An Empirical Model-based Method for Signal Restoration of SWIR in ASD Field Spectroradiometry,”
*Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing*, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 119-127, February 2012. - K.H. Liu, E. Wong, Y. Du, C.C.C. Chen and C.-I Chang, “Kernel-Based Linear Spectral Mixture Analysis,”
*IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensinbg Letters*, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 129-133, January 2012. - P.S. Liao, S.-M. Guo, N.-S. Yu, L.C. Chen, L, S.K. Lee and C.-I Chang, “Mass Detection in Mammograms,”
*International Journal on Computer, Comsumer and Control*(IJ3C), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 8-16, 2012.

**2011 (7)**

- A. Plaza, C.-I Chang, S.D. Gasster, B. Huang and C.A. Lee, “ Recent developments in high performance computing for remoite sesning : a review,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 508-527, September, 2011. - W. Xiong, C.-C. Wu, C.-I Chang, K. Kapalkis and H.M. Chen, “Fast algorithms to implement N-FINDR for hyperspectral endmember extraction,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 545-564, September, 2011. - C.-I Chang, S. Wang and K.H. Liu, “Progressive band dimensionality expansion and reduction for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing*, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 591-614, September, 2011. - C.-I Chang, X. Jiao, Y. Du and H.M. Chen, “Component-based unsupervised linear spectral mixture analysis for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 4123-4137, November 2011. DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2011.2142419. - C.-I Chang, W. Xiong, H.M. Chen and J.W. Chai, “Maximum orthogonal subspace projection to estimating number of spectral signal sources for hyperspectral images,”
*IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing*, , vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 504-520, June 2011. - C.-I Chang and H. Safavi, “Progressive dimensionality reduction by transform for hyperspectral image analysis,”
*Pattern Recognition*, April 30, 2011, online access: doi:10.1016/j.patcog.2011.03.030 . - C.-I Chang, C.-C. Wu and C.-T. Tsai, “Random N-finder algorithm,”
*IEEE Trans. on Image Processing*, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 641-656, March 2011.

**2010 (12)**

- K. Fisher and C.-I Chang, “Progressive band selection for satellite hyperspectral data compression and transmission,”
*J. Applied Remote Sensing*, vol. 4, 041770 (Sep 24, 2010); doi:10.1117/1.3502036. - C.-I Chang, B. Ramakishna, J. Wang and A. Plaza, “Exploitation-based hyperspectral image compression,”
*J. Applied Remote Sensing*, vol. 4, 041760 (Dec 03, 2010); doi:10.1117/1.3530429. - C.-I Chang, “Multiple-parameter receiver operating characteristic analysis for signal detection and classification,”
*IEEE Sensors Journal*, vol. 10, no. 3, pp.423-442, March 2010. (invited paper) - C.-I Chang, S. Chakravarty and C.-S. Lo, “Spectral feature probabilistic coding for hyperspectral signatures,”
*IEEE Sensors Journal*, vol. 10, no. 3, pp.395-409, March 2010. - S. Wang, C.-M. Wang, M.-L. Chang and C.-I Chang, “New applications of Kalman filtering approach to hyperspectral signature estimation, identification and abundance quantification,”
*IEEE Sensors Journal*, vol. 10, no. 3, pp.547-563, March 2010. - C.-I Chang, C.-C. Wu and H.M. Chen, “Random pixel purity index algorithm,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 324-328, April 2010. - C.-I Chang, C.C. Wu, C.-S Lo and M.-L. Chang, “Real-time simplex growing algorithms for hyperspecral endmember extarction,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1834-1850, April, 2010. - C.-I Chang, C.-C. Wu and H.M. Chen, “Real time N-finder processing algorithms,”
*J. Real-Time Image Processing*, February 16, 2010 [DOI: 10.1007/s11554-010-0151-z]. - C.-I Chang, X. Jiao, Y. Du and M.-L. Chang, “A review of unsupervised hyperspectral target analysis,”
*EURASIP Journal on Advanced in Signal Processing*, Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 503752, 26 pages [doi:10.1155/2010/503752]. - C.-Y. Yu, Y.-C. Ouyang, C.-M. Wang and C.-I Chang, “Adaptive inverse hyperbolic tangent algorithm for dynamic contrast adjustment in displaying scenes,”
*EURASIP Journal on Advanced in Signal Processing*, Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 485151, 20 pages, [doi:10.1155/2010/485151]. - J.-W. Chai, H.M. Chen, C.C.C. Chen, Y.C. Ouyang, S.K. Lee and C.-I Chang “Quantitatitve analysis of brain magnetic resonance images using support vetor machine in conjunctioin with indepednent component analysis,”
*J. Magnetic Resonance Imaging*, vol. 32, pp. 24-34, 2010. [DOI 10.1002/jmri.22210]. - C.-I Chang, W. Xiong, W. Liu, C.C. Wu and C.C.C. Chen, “Linear spectral mixture analysis-based approaches to estimation of virtual dimensionality in hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 3960-3979, Nov. 2010.

**2009 (3)**

- C.-I Chang, S. Chakravarty, H. Chen and Y.C. Ouyang “Spectral derivative feature coding for hyperspectral signature,”
*Pattern Recognition*, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 395-408, March 2009. - B. Ramakrishna, W. Liu, G. Saiprasad, N. Safdar, C.-I Chang, K. Siddiqui, W. Kim, E. Siegel, J.W. Chai, C.C.C. Chen and S.K. Lee, “An automatic computer-aided detection system for magnetic resonance imaging of meniscus tears,”
*IEEE Transaction on Medical Imaging*, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 1308-1316, August 2009. - C.C. Wu, C.S. Lo and C.-I Chang, “Improved process for use of a simplex growing algorithm for endmember extraction,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 523-527, July 2009.

**2008 (5)**

- Y.C. Ouyang, H.M. Chen, J.W. Chai, C.C.C. Chen, S.K. Poon, C.W. Yang, S.K. Lee and C.-I Chang, “Band expansion-based over-complete independent component analysis for magnetic resonance image analysis,”
*IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering*, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1666-1677, June 2008. - N. Dobigeon, J. Tourneret and C.-I Chang, “Semi-supervised linear spectral unmixing using a hierarchical Bayesian model for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing*, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 2684-2695, July 2008. - Y. Du and C.-I Chang, “3D combination curves for accuracy and performance analysis of positive biometrics identification,”
*Optics and Lasers in Engineering*, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 477-490, June 2008. - A. Plaza and C.-I Chang, “Clusters versus FPGAs for real-time processing of hyperspectral imagery,”
*International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications*, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 366-385, Winter 2008. - M. Hsueh and C.-I Chang, “Field programmable gate arrays for pixel purity index using blocks of skewers for endmember extraction in hyperspectral imagery,”
*International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications*, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 408-423, Winter 2008.

**2007 (5)**

- J.W. Chai, J. Wang and C.-I Chang, “Mixed PCA/ICA transform for hyperspectral image analysis,”
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 077006-1-077006-13, July, 2007. - B.Ramakrishna, C.-I Chang, B. Trout and J. Henqemihle, “Chesapeake bay water quality monitoring using satellite imagery,”
*International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems*(IJHSES), vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 681-688, 2007. - S. Wang and C.-I Chang, “Variable-number variable-band selection for feature characterization in hyperspectral signatures,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 2979-2992, September 2007. - B. Ramakrishna, W. Liu, K. M. Siddiqui, K.Juluru, N. M. Safdar, C. Chang, E. L. Siegel, “An Automatic tool for assessment of tumor viability and tumor burden in liver tissue on MRI scans,”
*International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery*(CARS), vol. 2, suppl. 1, S519, 2007.

**2006 (15)**

- C.-I Chang and A. Plaza, “Fast iterative algorithm for implementation of pixel purity index,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63-67, January 2006. - C.-I Chang and B. Ji, “Weighted least squares error approaches to abundance-constrained linear spectral mixture analysis,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 378-388, February 2006. - C. Kwan, B. Ayhan, G. Chen, J. Wang, B. Ji and C.-I Chang, “A novel approach for spectral unmixing, classification, and concentration estimation of chemical and biological agents,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 409-419, February 2006. - C.-I Chang and M. Hsueh, “Characterization of anomaly detection for hyperspectral imagery,”
*Sensor Review*, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 137-146, 2006. - C.-I Chang and S. Wang, “Constrained band selection for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1575-1585, June, 2006. - J. Wang and C.-I Chang, “Independent component analysis-based dimensionality reduction with applications in hyperspectral image analysis,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1586-1600, June 2006. - A. Plaza, D. Valencia, C.-I Chang and J. Plaza, “Parallel implementation of endmember extraction algorithms from hyperspectral data,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters*, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 334-338, July 2006. - C.-I Chang and B. Ji, “Fisher’s linear spectral mixture analysis,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 2292-2304, August 2006. - J. Wang and C.-I Chang, “Applications of independent component analysis in endmember extraction and abundance quantification for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 2601-2616, September 2006. - C.-I Chang, J. Wang, C.-C. Chang and C. Lin, "Progressive coding for hyperspectral signature characterization,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 45, no. 9, 097002-1-097002-15, September 2006. - C.-I Chang, C. Wu, W. Liu and Y.C. Ouyang, “A growing method for simplex-based endmember extraction algorithms,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 2804-2819, October 2006. - H. Ren, Q. Du, J. Wang, C.-I Chang and J. Jensen, “Automatic target recognition hyperspectral imagery using high order statistics,”
*IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems*, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1372-1385, Oct. 2006. - C.-I Chang, Y. Du, J. Wang, S.-M Guo and P. Thouin, "A survey and comparative study of entropic and relative entropic thresholding techniques,"
*IEE Proceedings, Visong, Image and Signal Processing*, vol. 153, no. 6, pp. 837-850, December 2006. - A. Plaza and C.-I Chang, “Impact of initialization on design of endmember extraction algorithms,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 44, no. 11, pp.3397-3407, November, 2006. - P.S. Liao, S.M. Guo, N-S. Yu, C.-Y. Chen, S.K. Lee and C.-I Chang, “Mass detection in mammography using principle component analysis and stepwise selection,”
*Chinese J. Radiology*, vo. 31, pp. 275-287, 2006.

**2005 (3)**

- C.-I Chang, “Orthogonal subspace projection revisited: a comprehensive study and analysis,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 502-518, March 2005. - S.-C. Yang, G.-C. Hsu, P. C. Chung, C. M. Wang, S.M. Guo, C.-S. Lo, C.-W. Yang, S.-K. Lee, C.-I Chang, “3-D localization of clustered microcalcifications using cranio-caudal and medio-lateral oblique views,”
*Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics*, vol. 29, pp. 521-532, 2005. - S.C. Yang, C.M. Wang, Y.N. Chung, G.C. Hsu, S.K. Lee, P.C. Chung, C.I. Chang, “A Computer-Aided System for Mass Detection and Classification in Digitized Mammograms,”
*Biomedical Engineering Applications Basis and Communications*, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 215-228 , Oct. 2005.

**2004 (7)**

- Y. Du, C.-I Chang, C.-C. Chang, F. D’Amico and J.O. Jensen, "A new hyperspectral measure for material discrimination and identification,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1777-1786, August 2004. - C.-I Chang and Y. Chen, “Gradient texture unit coding for texture analysis,”
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1891-1903, August 2004. - C.-I Chang, H. Ren, C.-C. Chang, J.O. Jensen and F. D’Amico, "Estimation of subpixel target size for remotely sensed imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1309-1320, June 2004. - Y. Du, C.-I Chang and P. Thouin, “Unsupervised thresholding of video images,”
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 282-289, February 2004. - C.-I Chang and Q. Du, "Estimation of number of spectrally distinct signal sources in hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 608-619, March 2004. - Q. Du and C.-I Chang, "Linear mixture analysis-based compression for hyperspectral image analysis,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 875-891, April 2004. - Q. Du and C.-I Chang, "A signal-decomposed and interference-annihilated approach to hyperspectral target detection,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 892-906, April 2004.

**2003 (6)**

- C.M. Wang, C.C. Chen, Y.-N. Chung, S.-C. Yang, P.C. Chung, C.W. Yang and C.-I Chang, "Detection of spectral signatures in MR images for classification,"
*IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging*, vol. TMI-22, no. 1, pp. 50-61, Jan. 2003. - S.K. Lee, P.-C. Chung, C.-I Chang, C.-S. Lo, T. Lee, G.-C. Hsu and C.-W. Yang, “Classification of clustered microcalcifications using a shape cognitron,”
*Neural Networks*, vol. 16, pp. 121-132, 2003. - Y. Du, C.-I Chang and P. Thouin, “An automatic system for text detection in single video images,”
*J. Electronic Imaging*, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 410-422, July 2003. - Q. Du, H. Ren and C.-I Chang, “A comparative study for orthogonal subspace projection and constrained energy minimization”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1525-1529, June 2003. - S.M. Guo, P.S. Liao, Y.C. Liao, S.C. Yang, P.C. Chung and C.-I Chang, “Mass detection in mammography using texture analysis,”
*Chinese Journal of Radiology*, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 149-157, June 2003. - H. Ren and C.-I Chang, "Automatic spectral target recognition in hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems*, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 1232-1249, October 2003.

**2002 (5)**

- C.-I Chang, S.S. Chiang, J.A. Smith and I.W. Ginsberg, "Linear spectral random mixture analysis for hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 375-392, February 2002. - C.-I Chang, "Target signature-constrained mixed pixel classification for hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 1065-1081, May 2002. - S.-C. Yang, S.-K. Lee, P.C. Chung, C.W. Yang, T. Lee, G.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Yang C.-I Chang and C.-S. Luo, "A computer-aided diagnostic system for detection and segmentation of clustered microcalcifications in digital mammograms,"
*Chinese Journal of Radiology*, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 89-101, June 2002. (in Chinese) - C.M. Wang, C.C. Chen, S.-C. Yang, Y.-N. Chung, P.C. Chung, C.W. Yang and C.-I Chang, "An unsupervised Orthogonal subspace projection approach to MR image classification MR images for classification,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1546-1557, July 2002. - C.-I Chang and S.-S. Chiang, "Anomaly detection and classification for hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1314-1325, June 2002.

**2001 (9)**

- Q. Du and C.-I Chang, "A linear constrained distance-based discriminant analysis for hyperspectral image classification,"
*Pattern Recognition*, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 361-373, February 2001. - D. Heinz and C.-I Chang, "Fully constrained least squares linear mixture analysis for material quantification in hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 529-545, March 2001. - C.-I Chang, H. Ren and S.S. Chiang, "Real-time processing algorithms for target detection and classification in hyperspectral imagery,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 760-768, April 2001. - P. Thouin and C.-I Chang, "A computer-automated system for restoration of documents and text images,"
*Journal of Electronic Imaging*, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 535-547, April 2001. - S.S. Chiang, C.-I Chang and I.W. Ginsberg, "Unsupervised subpixel target detection for hyperspectral images using projection pursuit,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 1380-1391, July 2001. - Q. Du and C.-I Chang, "A hidden Markov model approach to spectral analysis for hyperspectral imagery,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 2277-2284, October 2001. - K. Guilfoyle, M.L.G. Althouse and C.-I Chang, "A quantitative and comparative analysis of linear and nonlinear spectral mixture models using radial basis function neural networks,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 2314-2318, October 2001. - C.-M. Wang, S-C. Yang, P.-C. Chung, C.S. Lo, C.-I Chang, C.C. Chen, C.-W. Yang and C.H. Wen, "Orthogonal subspace projection-based approaches to classification of MR image sequences,"
*Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics*, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 465-476, October 2001. - S.-K. Lee, S.-C. Yang, P.C. Chung, C.-S. Lo, C.-W. Yang and C.-I Chang, "Three dimensional localization of microcalcification on X-ray mammograms,"
*Chinese Journal of Radiology*, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 107-118, 2001. (in Chinese)

**2000 (12)**

- C.-I Chang and H. Ren, "An experiment-based quantitative and comparative analysis of hyperspectral target detection and image classification algorithms,"
*IEEE Trans on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 1044-1063, March 2000. - C.-I Chang and D. Heinz, "Constrained subpixel detection for remotely sensed images,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1144-1159, May 2000. - C.-I Chang, J.-M. Liu, B.-C. Chieu, C.-M. Wang, C. S. Lo, P.-C. Chung, H. Ren, C.-W. Yang, D.-J. Ma, "A generalized constrained energy minimization approach to subpixel target detection for multispectral imagery,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1275-1281, May 2000. - C.-W. Yang, D.-J. Ma, S.-C. Chao, C.-M. Wang, C.H. Wen, S.C. Lo, P.-C. Chung and C.-I Chang, "A computer-aided diagnostic detection system of venous beading in retinal images,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1293-1303, May 2000. - P. Thouin and C.-I Chang, "A method for restoration of low-resolution text images,"
*International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition*, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 200-210, June 2000. - J. Zhang, C.-I Chang, S.J. Miller, K.A. Kang, "A feasibility study on multi-spectral image analysis of skin tumors,"
*Biomedical Instrumentation and Technology*, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 275-282, July/August 2000. - C.-I Chang, "An information theoretic-based approach to spectral variability, similarity and discriminability for hyperspectral image analysis,"
*IEEE Trans. on Information Theory*, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1927-1932, August 2000. - S.-K. Lee, C.-S. Lo, C.-M. Wang, P.-C. Chung, C.-I Chang, C.-W. Yang and P.-C. Hsu, "A computer-aided design mammography screening system for detection and classification of microcalcifications,"
*J. Medical Informatics*, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 29-57, Oct. 2000. - H. Ren and C.-I Chang, "A generalized orthogonal subspace projection approach to unsupervised multispectral image classification,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 2515-2528, November 2000. - A. Ifarraguerri and C.-I Chang, "Unsupervised hyperspectral image analysis with projection pursuit,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience**and Remote Sensing*, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 2529-2538, November 2000. - H. Ren and C.-I Chang, "Target-constrained interference-minimized approach to subpixel target detection for hyperspectral imagery,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 3138-3145, December 2000. - C.-S. Lo, P.-C. Chung, S.-K. Lee, C.-I Chang, T. Lee, G.C. Hsu and C.W. Yang, "Off-line mammography screening system embedded with hierarchically-coarse-to-fine techniques for the detection and segmentation of clustered Microcalcifications,"
*Institute of Electronics, Information, Communication Engineers*(*IEICE*)*Transaction on Information and System,*vol. E83-D, pp. 2161-2173, no. 12, December 2000.

**1999 (8)**

- C.-I Chang and C. Brumbley, "A Kalman filtering approach to multispectral image classification and detection of changes in signature abundance,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 257-268, January 1999. - C.-I Chang and C. Brumbley, "Kalman filtering approach to multispectral/hyperspectral image classification,"
*IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electronics Systems*, vol. 37, no 1, pp. 319-330, January 1999. - A. Ifarraguerri and C.-I Chang, "Hyperspectral image segmentation with convex cones,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 37, no 2, pp. 756-770, March 1999. - C. Brumbley and C.-I Chang, "An unsupervised vector quantization-based target signature subspace projection approach to classification and detection in unknown background,"
*Pattern Recognition*, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1161-1174, July 1999. - T.M. Tu, H.C. Shy, C.-H. Lee and C.-I Chang, "An oblique subspace projection to mixed pixel classification in hyperspectral images,"
*Pattern Recognition*, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1399-1408, August, 1999. - C.-I Chang and Q. Du, "Interference and noise adjusted principal components analysis,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 2387-2396, September 1999. - C.-I Chang, Q. Du, T.S. Sun and M.L.G. Althouse, "A joint band prioritization and band decorrelation approach to band selection for hyperspectral image classification,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 2631-2641, November 1999. - J.-R. Tsai. P.C. Chung and C.-I Chang, "Robust radial basis function neural networks,"
*IEEE Trans. System, Man, Cybernetics-Part B: Cybernetics*, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 674-685, December 1999.

**1998 (7)**

- T.M. Tu, C.-H. Chen and C.-I Chang, "A noise subspace projection approach to target signature detection and extraction in unknown background for hyperspectral images,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 171-181, January 1998. - T.M. Tu, C.-H. Chen, J-L. Wu and C.-I Chang, "A fast two-stage classification method for high dimensional remote sensing data,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 182-191, January 1998. - C.-I Chang, T.-L.E. Sun and M.L.G. Althouse, "An unsupervised interference rejection approach to target detection and classification for hyperspectral imagery,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 735-743, March 1998. - C.-I Chang, "Further results on relationship between spectral unmixing and subspace projection,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1030-1032, May 1998. - C.-I Chang, X. Zhao, M.L.G. Althouse and J.-J. Pan, "Least squares subspace projection approach to mixed pixel classification in hyperspectral images,"
*IEEE Trans on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 898-912, May 1998. - E-L. Chen, P.-C. Chung, C.-L Chen, H.-M. Tsai and C.-I Chang, "An automatic diagnostic system for CT liver image classification,"
*IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering*, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 783-794, June 1998. - P. Thouin and C.-I Chang, "New technique restores text from 8x8 block DCT-compressed gray-scale images,"
*Special Section on J. Electronic Imaging*,*OE Report*, no. 179, p. 11, November 1998.

**1997 (3)**

- T.M. Tu, C.-H. Chen and C.-I Chang, "
*A posteriori*least squares orthogonal subspace projection approach to weak signature extraction and detection,"*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 127-139, January 1997. - C.-W. Yang, P.-C. Chung and C.-I Chang, "An image capture and communication system for emergency computed tomography,"
*Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine*, vol. 52, pp. 139-145, 1997. - C.-W. Yang, P.-C. Chung, C.-I Chang, S.-K. Lee and L.-Y. Kung, "A hierarchical model for PACS,"
*Computerized Methods in Medical Images and Graphics*, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 29-37, 1997.

**1996 (1)**

- C.-W. Yang, P.-C. Chung and C.-I Chang, "A hierarchical fast two-dimensional entropic thresholding algorithm using a histogram pyramid,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 3227-3241, November 1996.

**1995 (1)**

- M.L.G. Althouse and C.-I Chang, "Target detection in multispectral imagery using spectral co-occurrence matrix and entropy thresholding,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 34, pp. 2135-2148, July 1995.

**1994 (2)**

- J.C. Harsanyi and C.-I Chang, "Hyperspectral image classification and dimensionality reduction: an orthogonal subspace projection approach,"
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 779-785, July, 1994. - C.-I Chang, K. Chen, J. Wang and M.L.G. Althouse, "A relative entropy approach to image thresholding,"
*Pattern Recognition*, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1275-1289, Sep. 1994.

**1993 (2)**

- L.B. Wolfe and C.-I Chang, "A complete sufficient statistic for finite-state Markov processes with applications to source coding,"
*IEEE Trans. on Inform. Theory*, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 1047-1049, May 1993. - L.B. Wolfe and C.-I Chang, "A simple method for calculating the rate distortion function of a source with an unknown parameter,"
*Signal Processing*, vol. 33, pp. 209-221, 1993.

**1992 (2)**

- C.-I Chang and L.B. Wolfe, "Source matching problems revisited,"
*IEEE Trans. on Inform. Theory*, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 1391-1395, July 1992. - J.J. Pan and C.-I Chang, "Destriping of LANDSAT MSS Images by Filtering Techniques,"
*Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing*, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 1417-1723, October 1992.

**1991 (1)**

- M.L.G. Althouse and C.-I Chang, "Chemical vapor detection with a multispectral thermal imager,"
*Optical Engineering*, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1725-1733, July 1991. (invited paper)

**1990 (3)**

- C.-I Chang, "A minimax approach to calculating the capacity of discrete channels,"
*Soochow Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 221-230, Sep. 1990. - C.-I Chang, S.C. Fan and L.D. Davisson, "On numerical methods of calculating the capacity of a continuous-input discrete-output memoryless channel,"
*Information and Computation*, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 1-13, May 1990. - C.-I Chang and L.D. Davisson, "Two iterative algorithms for finding minimax solutions,"
*IEEE Trans. on Inform. Theory*, vol. IT-36, no. 1, pp. 126-140, Jan. 1990.

**1988 (1)**

- C.-I Chang and L.D. Davisson, "On calculating the capacity of an infinite-input finite (infinite)-output channel,"
*IEEE Trans. on Inform. Theory*, Vol. IT-34, No. 5, pp. 1004-1010, Sep. 1988.

**1985 (1)**

- H.V. Poor and C.-I Chang, "A reduced complexity quadratic structure for the detection of stochastic signals,"
*J. Acoust. Soc. Am.*, Vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 1652-1657, Nov. 1985.

**PAPERS SUBMITTED TO REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATION (9)**

- C.-I Chang, W. Xiong, “Convex cone volume analysis for endmember extraction in hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*. - C.-I Chang, W. xiong and X. Jiao, “High order statistics-based for VD estimation,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*. - C.-I Chang, E. Wong, H.M. Chen, S.Y. Chen, J.W. Chai, C.C.C. Chen, C.W. Yang, S. K. Lee, Y.C. Ouynag and Y.K. Wong, “Intra-pixel multispectral processing of brain magnetic resonance images for tissue charactetization,”
*Current Medical Imaging Review*. - C.C.C. Chen, J.-W. Chai, H.M. Chen, S.Y. Chen, Y.C. Ouyang, C.W. Yang, S. K. Lee and C.-I Chang, “Unsupervised classification for magnetic resonance images,”
*IEEE Trans. on Medical Imaging*. - C.C.C. Chen, H.M. Chen, S.Y. Chen, B.H. Lin, Y.C. Ouyang, C.W. Yang, S. K. Lee and C.-I Chang, “Weighted kernel-based support vector machine apporach to magnetic resonance images,”
*Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics*. - Y-J Chiou, C.C.C. Chen, H.M. Chen, S.Y. Chen, C.W. Yang, S. K. Lee, Y.C. Ouyang, W.C. Su and C.-I Chang, “Volume sphering analysis for magnetic resonance image classification,”
*Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics*.. - H.M. Chen, S.Y. Chen, J.W. Chai, C.C.C. Chen, C.W. Yang, S. K. Lee, Y.C. Ouyang and C.-I Chang, “Hierarchical multi-class support vector machines,”
*Pattern Recognition*. - H.M. Chen, S.Y. Chen, J.W. Chai, C.C.C. Chen, C.W. Yang, S. K. Lee, Y.C. Ouyang and C.-I Chang, “Iterative Fisher’s linear discriminant analysis,”
*Pattern Recognition*. - C.-I Chang and K.-H. Liu, “Dynamic band selection for hyperspectral imagery,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing*. - C. Lin, S.Y. Chen, H.M. Chen, C.C. Wu, Y.C. Ouyang and C.-I Chang, “A pixel purity index approach to unsupervised multispectral image classification,”
*IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing**Letters*. - S. Chakravarty and C.-I Chang, “Block truncation signature coding,”
*J. Electronic Imaging*.

**BOOK CHAPTERS (17)**

**2011 (1)**

- H. Safavi, based dimensionality reduction for hyperspectral analysis,” Chapter 13,
*Recent Advances in Satellite Data Compression*, edited by B. Huang, Springer-Verlag, 2011.

**2007 (5)**

- C.-I Chang, Overview, Chapter 1: Overview,
*Hyperspectral Data Exploitation: Theory and Applications*, edited by C.-I Chang, pp. 1-16, John Wiley & Sons, 2007. - C.-I Chang, Chapter 3: Information-Processed Matched Filters for Hyperspectral Target Detection and Classification,
*Hyperspectral Data Exploitation: Theory and Applications*, edited by C.-I Chang, pp. 47-74, John Wiley & Sons, 2007. - A. Plaza and C.-I Chang, Chapter 1: Introduction,
*High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing*, edited by A. Plaza and C.-I Chang, pp. 1-7, CRC Press, 2007. - A. Plaza and C.-I Chang,, Chapter 2: High Performance Computer Architectures for Remote Sensing Data Analysis: Overview and Case Study,
*High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing*, edited by A. Plaza and C.-I Chang, pp. 9-41, CRC Press, 2007. - J. Wang and C.-I Chang, Chapter 16: FPGA Design for Real-time Implementation of Hyperspectral Target Detection and Classification Algorithms,
*High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing*, edited by A. Plaza and C.-I Chang, pp. 379-395, CRC Press, 2007.

**2006 (7)**

- B. Ramakishna, A. Plaza, C.-I Chang, H. Ren, Q. Du and C.-C. Chang, Spectral/Spatial Hyperspectral Image Compression,
*Hyperspectral Data Compression*, edited by G. Motta, F. Rizzo and J. Storer, pp. 309-347, Springer-Verlag, 2006. - C.-I Chang, Chapter 1: Utility of Virtual Dimensionality in Hyperspectral Signal/Image Processing,
*Recent Advances in Hyperspectral Signal and Image Processing*, edited by C.-I Chang, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, 2006, pp. 1-27. - F. Chaudhry, C. Wu, W. Liu, C.-I Chang and A. Plaza, Chapter 2: Pixel Purity Index-Based Algorithms for Endemember Extraction from Hyperspectral Imagery,
*Recent Advances in Hyperspectral Signal and Image Processing*, edited by C.-I Chang, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, 2006, pp. 29-61. - B. Ji and C.-I Chang, Chapter 3: Principal Components Analysis-based Endmember Extraction Algorithms,
*Recent Advances in Hyperspectral Signal and Image Processing*, edited by C.-I Chang, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, 2006, pp. 63-91. - W. Liu, X. Jiao, B. Ji, S. Yang and C.-I Chang, Chapter 4: A Study on Purdue’s Indian Pine Test Site, Chapter 4,
*Recent Advances in Hyperspectral Signal and Image Processing*, edited by C.-I Chang, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, 2006, pp. 93-139. - J. Wang and C.-I Chang, Chapter 5: A Low Probability Detector-Based Unsupervised Background Suppression, Target Detection and Classification for Hyperspectral Imagery, Chapter 5,
*Recent Advances in Hyperspectral Signal and Image Processing*, edited by C.-I Chang, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, 2006, pp. 141-169. - S. Wang and C.-I Chang, Chapter 6: Kalman Filter-Based Approaches to Hyperspectral Signal Similarity and Discrimination,
*Recent Advances in Hyperspectral Signal and Image Processing*, edited by C.-I Chang, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, 2006, pp. 171-194.

**2005 (2)**

- Y.W. Chang, Y.C. Chang, C.-I Chang, G.-C. Hsu, H.-H. Hsu, S.-M. Guo, S.-C. Yang, P-C. Chung, S.-K. Lee, Chapter 3: Computer-Aided Diagnosis for Breast Cancer Detection by Mammography, Chapter 3,
*Recent Research Developments in Biomedical Engineering*, ed. S.G. Pandalai, vol. 2, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India, pp. 53-92, 2005. - C.C. Chen, C.-M. Wang, C.-I Chang, C.-W. Yang, J. W. Chai, Y.-N. Chung, P.-C. Chung, Chapter 9: Techniques in Detection of Spectral Signatures in MR Images and Their Applications,
*Medical Imaging Systems: Technology & Applications*, edited by C.T. Leondes, Vol. 4, pp. 297-327, World Scientific Publishing, 2005.

**2000 (1)**

- C.-I Chang, M. Cao and H. Ko, Image Compression Using Karhunen Loeve Transform Quantization-Based Neural Network,
*Encyclopedia of Microcomputers,*vol. 24, Supplement 3, ed. by A. Kent and J.G. Williams, pp. 175-191, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2000.

**1999 (1)**

- C.-I Chang, Least Squares Error Theory for Linear Mixing Problems with Mixed Pixel Classification for Hyperspectral Imagery,
*Recent Research Developments in Optical Engineering*, ed. S.G. Pandalai, vol. 2, 1999, pp. 241-268, Trivandrum, Kerala: Research Signpost, India.